In addition to industrial intellectual property rights in the traditional sense of patents, trademarks, copyrights, etc., there is also a unique intellectual property right in the field of agricultural forestry, which is the new plant variety right (also known as Plant Breeder"s Rights (PBR) or Plant Variety Rights (PVR)). This relatively small form of intellectual property protection, with the rapid development of modern agriculture, is gradually being valued by all sectors of society. In the Sino-US trade dispute, China’s counterattack against the United States on tariffs is mainly concentrated in the agricultural sector. Therefore, we would like to take this opportunity to introduce the protection of new plant varieties in China. This paper aims to briefly sort out the development of new plant variety protection in China, the latest registration and protection, the latest development trends including the jurisdiction development of filing civil infringements case against new plant variety infringers, summary of registration requirements and procedure, and proposed amendments to the law which may guide us to the direction of future protection of new plant variety.